Basic terms and concepts
The operating system is a set of programs that are required to operate the computer. It is the means by which the connection between the computer user and the hardware.Microsoft Windows
Microsoft Windows (MS Windows) operating system with a graphical user interface developed by kompaniyataMicrosoft.The owner of this company is the richest man in the world Bill Gates.
The basic functions of the operating system are:
- Defines the user interface - the way to carry out the interaction between the user and the computer hardware;
- Organizes the file system;
- Manage the processes in the implementation of programs;
- Manages access to the devices;
- Manages access to the system - passwords and user rights;
- Detect and process errors and keep statistics.Filesystem
The file system manages the distribution files to a computer and access to them.
Graphical User Interface
MS Windows operating system with a graphical user interface, which includes the use of four basic elements: icons, mouse, menus, windows.
Icons are graphic images that are displayed by the objects of the computer system - programs, files, devices, etc..Mouse
The mouse allows the onscreen pointer to indicate the chosen object - in one or two clicks (click) Glorious button to open the menu - in a single right-click.Menu
The menu is a list of commands.Window
The window is a rectangular shape that is displayed on the computer screen. Once you start any application (program) is open and use its corresponding window.
Dialogs used for a dialogue with the consumer. The most common buttons in dialog boxes saOK - confirmation and Cancel - to cancel.
The initial screen of the MS-Windows consists of two parts.Most (upper) part is called the main screen (Desktop) and contains icons (Shortcuts), providing quick access to the applications (programs).Taskbar
The bottom line of the screen is called the Windows taskbar (Taskbar) and contains the button Start, shortcuts, display language, date indicator and hour.My Computer
System folder My Computer offers easy and direct access to all disc Detailed Structure of the computer (floppy disks, hard disks, CD-ROM drives, etc.).Folder (Folder)
Files are grouped into directories named folders (Folders).Open the folder
Clicks twice quickly with the left mouse button on the folder.
Characteristics of the file (folder)
Clicks with the right mouse button on the file or folder opens a menu from which the Properties.Buffer memory (Clipboard)
Copy and Go (marking the site and choose the Copy command or Cut) object, a copy is stored in the buffer (temporary) memory of the computer called Clipboard. To put the stored object from Clipboard, clips onto the corresponding location and choose the command Paste.
Move a file (folder)
1. Clicks once with the right mouse button on the file (folder).
2. From the popup menu select commands Cut (Ctrl + X).
3. Clicks once with the right mouse button at the point where you have to move.
4. The appearing menu choose command Paste (Ctrl + V).Rename the file (folder)
Clicks once with the right mouse button on the name of the file or folder opens a menu from which to choose Rename.
Delete the file (folder)
Clicks once with the left mouse button on the file (folder) and press key Delete.
Restore deleted file (folder)
Opens basket (Recycle Bin). Clicks once with the right mouse button on the file (folder) and from the popup menu is selected command Restore.Formatting a disk
For a disk to be used, to be made to the relevant markers that divide it into sectors.
The most common are 3.5 inch floppy disks and a capacity of 1.44 MB.
By pulling the little plastic slider in the upper left corner of the back of the floppy disk (yielding hole) protect information stored on it. In this case can not delete information from the disk and can not be recorded on it. Opposite movement of plazacha permitted actions.
Optical discs - CD and DVD
Optical disk data is read and written using laser beams.
Standard CD has a capacity of 700 MB.
CD-ROM (Compact Disc Read Only Memory) - a single CD, CD-RW (Compact Disc ReWritable) - Rewritable.
DVD discs have high capacity - from 4.7GB to 17.1GB.
DVD-ROM (DVD Read Only Memory) - allow a single data recorders, DVD-RW (Digital Versatile Disc ReWritable) - rewritable DVD.
USB Flash Memory
The inclusion of this memory is done through the USB port on the motherboard. The operating system automatically recognize it and report detected new hardware device. Read and write information on it is both hard disks.