War in cyberspace

The Joint Center for best practices in cyber defense, NATO developed the world's first guide to using principles of existing international law for cyber warfare. Document under the name"Tallinn user of cyber warfare" has already attracted the attention of Russian official bodies. 

"Tallinn user of cyber warfare" bears no accident that name. In2008 the capital of Estonia came center CCD COE, whose main purpose is to support the NATO decision on technical, legal and political issues related to electronic warfare. 

As for the document itself, it consists of 95 rules relating to thesettlement of conflicts in cyberspace. According to the authorsof the project, to meet the onslaught of State may, attractingaggressor to account, or "propoportsionalnicountermeasures." Available such attacks to be considered "armed attack" in relation to what is legitimate self-defense ofthe State affected, including by using traditional weapons. At the same time armed attacks can not be recognized cyber espionage kampyutarni thefts and attacks on sites that do not cause detriment to a state-wide. The state-aggressor shouldbe liable even if it attacks using intermediaries from other countries. The authors of the document believe that cyber attacks on the force of impact must be treated as chemical, biological and radiological weapons. 

As the magazine "Kommersant-power" in "Tallinn Guide"algorithms are presented for action at country and militaryalliances in the event of a large-scale cyber attacks. The authors of the document make clear that in conductingcyberwar will need to form new laws, it is sufficient to use the existing international legal norms which radically contradictsnot only the position of Russia and many other countries. On this issue, Russia proposed to deal with important issues in the field, but are of secondary importance: protection against hackers, copyright infringement, etc. 

The new document NATO of cyber warfare has already attracted the attention of a number of Russian institutions -from the Foreign Ministry and the Ministry of Defence, tospecial services because, as experts say, "Tallinn Guide"opens possibilities of cyber warfare by NATO. 

Meanwhile analysts believe that hardly NATO officials will immediately begin to act on the basis of "Tallinn leadership." In any case, the search for a compromise in this area evidencethe intention of the presidents of Russia and the United StatesVladimir Putin and Barack Obama during the June meeting to sign several intergovernmental agreements on measures of trust in cyberspace.

Аt the same time by the Ukrainian intelligence informatsiaRussia has invested 2 billion Eber 0rez 2013 and 2014 has provided another 4 billion for the development of staff andresources to conduct a cyberwar.